By Chai-shin Yu
It is a scholarly publication at the first hundred years of the institutional point of the Buddhist faith. within the publication the writer has focused on the improvement of Buddhism because it utilized to the monastic neighborhood in addition to the lay humans, dispelling the inspiration that Buddhism was once just a philosophical process fascinated with an self reliant quest by way of a number of towards nirvana. even if there are many books available in the market facing the doctrinal points of the faith, there are few that care for the fundamental elements making it a well-liked faith, specifically the authority of the founder, the character of the groups and self-discipline inside of either monastic neighborhood and the lay. those points are additional highlighted within the end the place they're in comparison with parallel advancements, throughout the related early interval, of Christianity. This clean process is especially enlightening to the overall reader and the scholars in spiritual stories.
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Extra info for Early Buddhism and Christianity : a comparative study of the founders' authority, the community, and the discipline
2 In Sanskrit, sam gha is defined as “close contact or combination, and collection o r assem b lage ... ”6 Now, let us examine some B uddhist texts. ”0 In D ham m apada we re a d : ] K. Hayjima, Shoki Bukkyo to Shakai S eikatsu (E arly B u dd hism and Social Life) pp. 1 ff2. T. W. Rhys Davids, and William, Pali-English D ictionary, p . 667. 3. M. Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English D ictionary, p. 1129. 4. S. Mochizuki, Mochizuki B ukkyo Daijiten, (M o c h izu k i B udd hist Great Dictionary), vol.
Unity was inherent in the nature of the community. 0 Hayazim a has observed that a m ajor problem in m odern times is the conflict between society and the individual, for which modern social services 1. H. Oldenberg, Buddha : His Life, His Doctrine, His Order, p. 340. 2. J. H. Kern, Manual o f Indian Buddhism, p. 72. 3. S. D utt, Monachisrn, op. , pp. 63-65. 4. H. N akam ura, Gotama Buddha, p. 251. 5. Vinaya Texts, Part II, tr. by T. W. Rhys Davids and Oldenberg, Mahavagga, X. 4. 4, p. 310.
25, p. 80 : 3. Ssu Fen Lu, Vol. 5, Taisho, Vol. 20, p. 595 : - M if i- flirt 4. Vinaya Texts, Part 11, by T. W. Rhys Davids and H. Oldenberg, Mahavagga, viii. , Ssu Fen Lu, Taisho Taizokyo, Vol. 22, p. 595 : 42 Early Buddhism and C h ristianity gathering of three or more monks, and it constituted one o f the “ three treasures” together with Buddha and the dharma. ” 1 Since satiigha o r gana means “ community” , it cannot correctly be applied to one monk. From ancient times, satiigha has been used in C hina fo r one monk, but this is not the correct use of this term .