By William Robertson Smith
William Robertson Smith (1846-1894) conflict ein schottischer Theologe der loose Church of Scotland und Professor für Altes testomony. Er conflict ein Exponent des kirchlichen Liberalismus und warfare mit James George Frazer (1854–1941) befreundet. Seit 1881 conflict er Professor für Arabisch an der collage of Cambridge. Als Robertson Smith’ bekanntestes Werk gilt die Veröffentlichung seiner Vorlesungen über "Die faith der Semiten" - ein Klassiker der vergleichenden Religionswissenschaft. Aus ethnologischem Interesse reiste Robertson Smith dann 1878 und 1879 einige Monate nach Ägypten, Syrien und Palästina. Daraufhin veröffentlichte er im Jahr 1880 einen Aufsatz "Animal Worship and Animal Tribes one of the Arabs and within the outdated Testament". In diesem Aufsatz legte er dar, dass die biblischen Stämme Totems besessen hätten. Des Weiteren sah er in den biblischen Stämmen Exogamie und Polyandrie verbreitet und schloss damit, dass Israel es nicht geschafft habe, sich über das niedrigste Heidentum zu erheben. Am Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts erfuhr William Robertson Smith’ Werk ein gesteigertes Interesse, da Robertson Smith’ Ansatz, aus dem Studium der historischen Bedingungen von Schriftreligionen das Verstehen elementarer Gesellschaftsstrukturen herzuleiten, zunehmend Akzeptanz fand. (Wiki) Nachdruck der Originalauflage von 1899.
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Additional resources for Die Religion der Semiten
I’ll ask my disciple to go there and ask for a prescription. ” “Even drugs are useless,” said the old woman, “but due south of here there is a Male-Undoing Mountain. In it there is a Child Destruction Cave, and inside the cave there is an Abortion Stream. You must drink a mouthful of water from the stream before the pregnancy can be terminated. But nowadays, it’s not easy to get that water. Last year, a Daoist by the name of True Immortal Compliant came on the scene and he changed the name of the Child Destruction Cave to the Abbey of Immortal Assembly.
You don’t know that you’re about to die. You are the one who robbed us in broad daylight with your ﬁllet. Which of these things really belongs to you? Don’t run away. ” What a great battle this was! The Great Sage displays his might; The demon’s no longer tame. The two wage a ﬁerce contest, For neither’s willing to quit. This one’s iron rod seems like a dragon’s tail; That one’s long lance resembles a python’s head. From this one, the strokes of the rod roar like the wind; 17 : : f i f t y - t w o From that one, the blows of the lance ﬂow like strong currents.
If a double reﬂection appears, it means that she will give birth to a child. Since your master drank some water from the Child-and-Mother River, he, too, has become pregnant and will give birth to a child. ” When Tripitaka heard this, he paled with fright. ” groaned Eight Rules as he twisted to spread his legs further apart, “we are men, and we have to give birth to babies? Where can we ﬁnd a birth canal? ” When Eight Rules heard this, he shook with fright, and that made the pain all the more unbearable.