By Simon Harrison
Many anthropological debts of battle in indigenous societies have defined the taking of heads or different physique components as trophies. yet virtually not anything is understood of the superiority of trophy-taking of this kind within the militia of up to date realms. This publication is a background of this kind of misconduct between army team of workers over the last centuries, exploring its shut connections with colonialism, clinical gathering and ideas of race, and the way it's a version for violent strength relationships among teams
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Additional info for Dark trophies : hunting and the enemy body in modern war
Aberrant and atavistic though these colonial military practices appeared to many contemporaries, they were local expressions of the growing transnational authority and prestige of scientific rationality. I explore these topics further in Chapter Eight, in relation to the collection and study of American Indian crania by nineteenth-century phrenologists and craniologists in the United States. In Chapter Nine I discuss the collection and use of enemy skulls and other bones as trophies by soldiers and their supporters in the American Civil War.
These can contribute to a soldier’s successful performance of his role. There are also negative or maladaptive reactions to combat stress. These dysfunctional reactions comprise, first, a group of behavioural disorders called battle fatigue, which includes depression, anxiety and exhaustion, among other symptoms. The maladaptive responses also include a second group of reactions called misconduct stress behaviours. These range from forms of indiscipline such as self-injury, alcohol and drug abuse, and fraternization between ranks, to serious criminal offences such as murdering prisoners or non-combatants, torture, rape, looting, and murdering one’s superiors (Ritchie et al.
I would also like particularly to thank the following: Ramazan Altintas, Robert Balcomb, Chris Ballard, Ronnie Gamble, Harrell Gill-King, Ken Gillings, John Harries, Robin Hide, Arnold Howard, Ron Locke, Erik Lyman, Dereyk Patterson, Keiko Tamura, Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney, Danielle Trussoni, Barbara Wavell, Mark Wells, Geoffrey White and Carl Zipperer. Introduction Dark Trophies of Enlightened War Combat Stress and the Enemy Dead Ever since the emergence of professional standing armies in early modern Europe, military personnel have been expected to treat the bodies of the enemy dead honourably.