By Pedro N. Teixeira, D. Bruce Johnstone, Maria J. Rosa, Hans Vossensteyn
Better schooling funds lie on the crossroads in lots of Western international locations. at the one hand, the surging call for of the previous 3 or 4 a long time, pushed by way of a trust in larger schooling as a relevant engine of social and fiscal development, has resulted in dramatic progress of the better schooling platforms in those nations. nonetheless, this development trendy was once followed through swiftly expanding per-student price pressures at a time while governments appeared more and more not able to maintain velocity with those price pressures via public sales. for that reason, around the world, the commonest method of the necessity for expanding profit was once to take advantage of a few shape or varieties of rate sharing, or the shift of a few of the better academic per-student expenses from governments and taxpayers to oldsters and scholars. This increases a number of vital demanding situations to better schooling structures. First, there's the political and social controversy linked to so much types of cost-sharing, relatively with university charges. Secondly, there are vital concerns by way of the vast context of social coverage, comparable to the position of households and scholars and the connection that the kingdom establishes with every one of them. 3rd, there's the comparability of different tools of cost-sharing and the direct and oblique results of every of them, particularly when it comes to academic equality. total, underlying cost-sharing debates are primary questions on social selection, person possibilities, and the function of presidency in society.
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Extra info for Cost-sharing and Accessibility in Higher Education: A Fairer Deal? (Higher Education Dynamics)
In the meantime, both empirical observation and economic theory suggest that market mechanisms in some countries provide individuals with reliable signals about the relative attractiveness of getting a degree in one institution over another or in one programme over another. From this perspective, establishing public- or private-borne university/programme rankings is of dubious value when it comes to improving student choice. The evidence would seem to indicate that such rankings tend to serve higher education researchers, government funding agencies and even universities much more than they do prospective students.
Oosterbeek and Webbink (1995), using micro-data on secondary school leavers, found a statistically insignificant effect from tuition fees on student enrolment. Huijsman et al. 003. This would imply that demand is fairly insensitive to the tuition fee level. De Jong et al. (1990) reported that economic variables hardly affect the decision to enrol in an academic programme. 1. A recent study by Felsö, Van Leeuwen and Zijl (2000) indicated that students are not likely to change their programme choice in cases where tuition fees were either increased or reduced by 454 (almost a third of the present day fee level).
The issue to what extent government policies that fall under the heading of cost sharing can be combined with policies that guard access to higher education is discussed in several chapters in this volume. Some of these issues will be touched on later in this chapter as well. What this chapter is most concerned about is how to strengthen student demand by increasing students’ market power, enlarging the range of educational options, and/or increasing the transparency of the higher education market.