By Robert David Johnson
This booklet demanding situations the preferred and scholarly snapshot of a susceptible chilly warfare Congress, within which the unbalanced courting among the legislative and govt branches culminated within the escalation of the U.S. dedication in Vietnam, paving the best way for the passage of the conflict Powers Act in 1973. It inspires a extra versatile notion of the congressional position in overseas coverage, interested in 3 elements of legislative energy: using spending measures; the interior workings of a Congress more and more ruled by way of subcommittees; and the facility of person legislators to impact international affairs via altering the way in which that policymakers and the general public give some thought to foreign questions.
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Extra resources for Congress and the Cold War
CQ Almanac 1947, p. 460. 69 Partly due to the growth in the federal budget during World War II, the Appropriations Committee delegated more authority to its subcommittees, which had jurisdiction over individual cabinet agencies. Because of this structure, the National Security Act’s most immediate effect on congressional organization came in consolidating the various military spending subcommittees into the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee. 71 The Defense Appropriations Subcommittees provided a central venue for this competition.
George Galloway, “The Origins of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946,” Political Science Quarterly 45 (1951), p. 42. 26 The fluid atmosphere of the postwar Congress offered fertile ground for procedural entrepreneurs, and no one took better advantage than Connecticut senator Brien McMahon, a freshman senator first elected in 1944. One month after Hiroshima, McMahon introduced a measure to create a federal board consisting mostly of cabinet members to oversee the nation’s atomic energy industry, a proposal that suggested less that the Connecticut senator had thought through the issue than that he wanted to be a player.
154. 83 CR, 80th Congress, 1st session, p. 3491 (16 April 1947). 83 CR, 80th Congress, 1st session, pp. 3499 (16 April 1947), 3587–3592 (17 April 1947). 83 CR, 80th Congress, 1st session, p. 3394 (15 April 1947). 83 CR, 80th Congress, 1st session, p. 3285 (10 April 1947). 84 CR, 80th Congress, 2nd session, p. 2384 (9 March 1948). Newsweek, 7 April 1947. P1: JZZ 0521821339c01 20 CUNY101B/Johnson 0 521 82133 9 September 21, 2005 Congress and the Cold War anti-leftist rhetoric with a foreign policy position whose possible outcome would be the triumph of Communism in Greece.