By Ming Zhang
The ebook contributes to answering the questions raised by means of mayors, governors, and federal executive officers in Brazil: What can towns do to enhance financial functionality and create jobs? The query is approached via a assessment of theories and coverage recommendations for urban competitiveness, initial benchmarking of Brazilian towns, and case reviews of 2 city components in Northeast Brazil the Cariri area, Cear?? and S??o Lu?s, Maranh??o. The publication concludes that to develop into and remain aggressive, towns have to try to minimize the price of doing company by way of bettering prone, infrastructure, and decreasing bureaucracies. yet for a middle-income kingdom like Brazil, which has to be economically aggressive in a globalized surroundings, this isn't adequate. towns additionally have to try so as to add worth to neighborhood companies. a very important a part of the tactic could be to create and maintain an atmosphere that stimulates neighborhood corporations to innovate and research from one another, to nurture and facilitate the production of synergies generated by way of the presence of interconnected monetary clusters within the urban, and to supply incentives for all neighborhood avid gamers to regularly improve the extent of competitiveness to turn into larger and the simplest. with reference to neighborhood coverage activities, this e-book highlights the cluster method of competitiveness, with its concentrate on facilitating deepest zone collaborations for collective potency organizing and facilitating inner most and public associations to reach at a standard cluster imaginative and prescient; selecting possibilities for development and collaboration; selling joint activities equivalent to co-information, co-learning, co-marketing, and co-purchasing; and together construction monetary foundations resembling R&D capacities, infrastructure, talents upgrading, and public inner most region help associations. This e-book has supplied many examples of activities that could be undertaken on the neighborhood point, however it additionally emphasizes the serious value for towns to pursue a distinct method in response to their comparative and aggressive benefits.
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Additional resources for Competitiveness and Growth in Brazilian Cities: Local Policies and Actions for Innovation (Directions in Development)
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With respect to human capital as a determinant of a city’s capacity to reinvent itself, recall the earlier discussion of Boston’s ability to reinvent itself following a 60-year downturn in fortunes between 1920 and 1980. S. cities such as Detroit and Syracuse, which failed to reinvent themselves, despite being in a similar situation around 1980. The decisive factor separating Boston from Detroit and Syracuse has been the highly educated nature of its workforce, which has been assisted by the city’s historical strength as a center of learning and education, and its reputation as a livable city for the highly skilled (Glaeser 2003): Like Syracuse and Detroit, Boston was a cold, manufacturing city that had done poorly over the 1950–1980 period.
14 Realizing this, both the European Union (EU) and the OECD have put emphasis on innovation in their local economic development policy thinking. K. government’s five key drivers of productivity growth at national, regional, and local levels (HM Treasury 2001, pp. 15 In many of the most globally competitive cities, innovation is associated with clusters of firms in strong, value-added, and R&D-intensive activities, including high-tech manufacturing, telecommunications, biopharmaceuticals, and financial services.