By Seth W Snyder, James H Clark, George Kraus, Gene Petersen, Cristina Negri, Thaddeus Ezeji, Nasib Qureshi, Kim Magrini, Saurav Datta, Steven Peretti, Yanna Liang, YuPo Lin, Richard I Masel, Jennifer Dunn, Fengqi You, Robert E Kozak, Lara Dammer, Damian Bla
Biobased items supply significant fiscal and environmental advantages, yet figuring out tips on how to commercialize this calls for a complete examine the method, together with feedstocks, applied sciences, product slate, provide chain, coverage, financing, and environmental impact.
Covering biobased items in a vast context, this e-book examines the environmental and monetary affects, compares US and ecu guidelines, explores the criteria affecting financing, and considers organic conversion, catalytic conversion, and separations.
By interpreting the method from numerous serious views within the offer chain, this e-book presents chemical engineers with a greater realizing of demanding situations, possibilities, hazards, and advantages of commercialization.
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Extra info for Commercializing biobased products : opportunities, challenges, benefits, and risks
S. 102. 20. G. Petersen, D. Viviani, K. Magrini-Bair, S. Kelley, L. Moens, P. Shepherd and D. DuBois, Non-Governmental Valorization of Carbon Dioxide, Sci. , 2005, 338, 159–182. 21. gov/eere/bioenergy/ research-development-demonstration-and-deployment. 22. gov/is/AR/archive/apr02/indus0402. pf ¼ 1. 23. E. de Jong, A. Higson, P. Walsh, M. com/publications/biobased-chemicals-value-added-products-from-biorefineries/. CHAPTER 3 Bioenergy Crops: Delivering More Than Energy M. 1 The Context As world population is projected to increase by 2 billion humans between 2011 and 2050 and reach over 9 billion people globally,1 and as dietary aspirations improve worldwide, the challenge of sustainably providing food, feed, shelter, fiber and ecosystem services for all is one of the greatest of this century.
After three years, short rotation coppice (SRC) in this study seemed to promote most of the soils’ biological properties. Soil biological parameters proposed as indicators of soil biological health such as fungal abundance and earthworm diversity in the willow system were higher than the agrosystem, but lower than the forest and grassland systems’ soil. After three years from planting, the SRC system showed evidence of a transition towards a bacterial community structure close to grassland, and the highest earthworm density.
As in previous decades, there is a continued interest in pursuing ‘‘green’’ and ‘‘natural’’ solutions to consumer product needs. However, the public now has a more refined understanding of environmental impacts and is less likely to support a bio-based product if the resource demands for producing the product are more severe than for a traditional petroleumbased product. Many companies acknowledge that there is no ‘‘green’’ premium for their goods and that they must compete on performance, including environmental metrics.