By David Betz
This booklet examines how civil-military kinfolk were remodeled in Russia, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine because the cave in of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991. It indicates how those international locations have labored to reform their out of date militia, and convey them into line with the hot financial and strategic realities of the post-Cold conflict international, with new bureaucratic constructions within which civilians play the major policy-making roles, and with reinforced democratic political associations that have definitely the right to supervise the military.
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Additional info for Civil-Military Relations in Russia and Eastern Europe (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series, 2)
We received a lot of support from our NATO allies. We think it is our Security policy-making and defence reform 33 responsibility to take what we have learned and pass it on to our neighbours. 37 These words, however, reﬂect the upside of the NATO coin; there was a downside as well. The desire to enter NATO forced politicians in Central Europe to pay more attention to questions of military signiﬁcance. Yet, while they became focused on NATO, politicians recognised only the advantages of membership not the responsibilities.
As Kohn stated: 20 Approaches to civil–military relations The first requirement for civilian control in democracy is democratic governance itself: the rule of law, civil liberty, a stable method for peaceful succession in power, workable practices for electing ofﬁcials, and a government and governing process (perhaps spelled out in a written constitution) that are legitimate in the eyes of both key elites and the general public. Civilian control can reinforce democracy, but civilian control is only one aspect – necessary but not sufficient – of democratic rule.
According to Jerzy Milewski, one of the highest-ranking civilians in the defence establishment from 1991 to 1996, the approved model was faulty: The civil–military part of the ministry of defence was supposed to manage the armed forces, provide for them, oversee them, take care of the defence policy, social affairs, education, etc. The military part of the ministry is a general staff to which the whole of the army has been subordinated. Those two structures were supposed to cooperate. But this model, in spite of the good will of the subsequent ministers could not function properly and with time it has led to the increasing alienation of the civilian part of the ministry.