By Ilene Feinman
In the us, the query of girls within the armed prone has been consistently and hotly debated. between feminists, essentially differing perspectives of girls within the army have constructed. Feminist antimilitarists let us know that militarism and patriarchy have jointly pressed ladies into moment type citizenship. in the meantime, feminist infantrymen and their advocates regard martial carrier as women's correct and accountability and the price ticket to top notch citizenship.
Citizenship Rites investigates what's at stake for ladies in those debates. Exploring the views of either feminist antimilitarists and feminist squaddies, Ilene Feinman situates the present strive against controversy in the context of the ocean switch in usa politics because the 1970s-from period debates over drafting ladies to fresh representations of army girls corresponding to the movie GI Jane. Drawing on congressional testimony, proceedings, feminist and antiracist political discourse, and antimilitarist activism, Feinman addresses our urgent want for an research of women's expanding inclusion within the militia whereas offering a provocative research of what this altering position potential for girls and society alike.
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Additional info for Citizenship Rites: Feminist Soldiers and Feminist Antimilitarists
Once again, the activists’ discussions and action strategizing, their direct theorizing of the meaning in their practice, precisely articulated (for both women and men) the connections between patriarchy, militarism, racism, and capitalism. Over the next several years, I helped organize a local chapter of Women in Black (at the time, during the height of the Intifada, many Women in Black groups were forming in solidarity with the Israeli organization) to stand against the Israeli occupation of Palestine and in support of the Intifada.
64 NOW’s amicus curiae of 1980 in the Rostker v. Goldberg case of unequal protection regarding selective service of men only more precisely argued that compulsory conscription was the key to first-class citizenship. As their published policy adopted by the National Board in 1980 they wrote: “NOW opposes the reinstatement of registration and draft for both men and women. NOW’s primary focus on this issue is on opposition to registration and draft. However, if we cannot stop the return to registration and draft, we also cannot choose between sisters and brothers.
The problem for feminist antimilitarists becomes an inability to develop effective analyses of and opposition to a military that may be becoming less reliant on its masculinism to feed its militarism. This immediate linking of masculinism and militarism betrays the complexity of our situation as feminist antimilitarists. By assuming that the military is dependent on its masculinism, by presuming that only men can and will use gunboat diplomacy, feminist antimilitarism is left unable to account for women who love power-over.