By Russell Harwood
In line with ethnographic fieldwork, this example examine examines the influence of monetary improvement on ethnic minority humans residing alongside the upper-middle reaches of the Nu (Salween) River in Yunnan. during this hugely mountainous, moderately populated region reside the Lisu, Nu, and Dulong (Drung) humans, who till lately lived as subsistence farmers, hoping on transferring cultivation, searching, the gathering of medicinal vegetation from surrounding forests, and small-scale logging to maintain their loved ones economies. China's New Socialist Countryside explores how obligatory schooling, conservation courses, migration for paintings, and the growth of social and monetary infrastructure aren't merely remodeling livelihoods, but additionally intensifying the chinese language Party-state’s means to combine ethnic minorities into its political textile and the nationwide business financial system.
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Extra resources for China’s New Socialist Countryside: Modernity Arrives in the Nu River Valley
434). Historically, poverty also has been reflected in the area of education, wherein school completion and literacy rates among the ethnic minority population generally have been much lower than among the Han population. Here, large-scale changes are taking place. The central government recently has set aside unprecedented levels of funding in its efforts to improve access to education in the western peripheral regions, where China’s ethnic minority population is concentrated. Key to this reform are the implementation and strict enforcement of free nine-year compulsory education.
It points to the rise of technocracy and reveals how the “thoughts” of politicians, bureaucrats, and development specialists are rendered “practical and technical” (Dean 1999: 18). The identification, categorization, and targeting of specific sections of the population by government is a fundamental feature of governmentality. Michel Foucault discusses how in Western Europe in the eighteenth century the “discovery” of the population as an amalgam of individuals with measurable characteristics facilitated the shift toward this new art of government.
Gongshan’s ethnic minorities are subject to a particularly demeaning official and popular discourse that represents them as “backward” (luohou) and of low quality, with their subsistence lifestyles and harsh living conditions representing the antithesis of the development model prescribed by the Chinese Party-state. Governing authorities at all levels call the challenges to development in Nujiang’s four counties the “Nujiang issue” (Nujiang wenti). According to this narrative, Nujiang’s weak environmental carrying capacity, combined with isolation and a “poor,” “low-quality” ethnic minority population, is hindering the development of the Nujiang economy.