By Victor Kaptelinin, Mary Czerwinski
The computer's metaphorical machine, with its onscreen home windows and hierarchy of folders, is the single electronic paintings setting such a lot clients and architects have ever recognized. but empirical experiences convey that the normal laptop layout doesn't offer adequate help for ultra-modern real-life initiatives regarding collaboration, multitasking, a number of roles, and numerous applied sciences. In past the computer Metaphor, prime researchers and builders ponder layout techniques for a post-desktop future.The individuals study the restrictions of the computing device surroundings - together with the integrated clash among entry and exhibit, the problems in dealing with a number of initiatives concurrently, and the necessity to coordinate the a number of applied sciences and knowledge items (laptops, PDAs, documents, URLs, e mail) that almost all humans use day-by-day - and suggest novel layout options that paintings towards a extra built-in electronic paintings atmosphere. They describe structures that facilitate entry to info, together with Lifestreams, Haystack, activity Gallery, GroupBar, and Scalable cloth, and so they argue that the association of labor environments should still mirror the social context of labor. they give thought to the suggestion of task as a conceptual instrument for designing built-in platforms, and aspect to the Kimura and Activity-Based Computing platforms as examples.Beyond the machine Metaphor is the 1st systematic evaluation of state of the art examine on built-in electronic paintings environments. It offers a glimpse of what the subsequent new release of knowledge applied sciences for daily use might seem like - and it may motivate layout recommendations for clients' real-world wishes.
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Extra info for Beyond the desktop metaphor: designing integrated digital work environments
1997). Lifestreams. Wired 5: 148–151, 204–209. The Technology Review TR100. (1999). Technology Review (November/December). , and Sidner, C. (1996). Email overload: Exploring personal information management of email. In Proceedings of the 1996 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI’96), pp. 276–283. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, April 13–18. indd 48 12/4/2006 1:19:35 PM 3 Haystack: Per-User Information Environments Based on Semistructured Data David R. Karger Introduction Every individual works with information in his or her own way.
That said, while these results were promising, there remained much to be done in terms of studying the utility of Lifestreams among users, particularly in comparison to the traditional desktop. 5 Barreau and Nardi’s (1995) study was particularly interesting to us because they observed many of the same user behaviors we had. indd 42 12/4/2006 1:19:34 PM Beyond Lifestreams 43 a preference for location-based search for finding files (in contrast to logical, text-based search); • • the use of file placement as a critical reminding function; and • the “lack of importance” of archiving files.
Many of them seem obvious and almost wasteful to assert. But all of them might be debatable, so we attempt to justify them in our motivation section below. Universality Users should be able to record any information object they consider important or meaningful, and should be able to seek, find, and view it later. The centrality of metadata and relationships Much retrieval of objects is based on recalling specific attributes of the objects and their relationships to other objects. Thus, the system must be able to record whatever attributes and relationships matter to the user, display them, and support their use in search and navigation.