By Marvin Kohl
Publication through Kohl, Marvin
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Extra info for Beneficent Euthanasia
St. " ^^ In the Middle Ages one scarcely hears of suicides, and one would be tempted to deny their occurrence during those times were numerous acts of ecclesiastical and claring punishable even the very attempt to The Church had 533 at the not for the legislated against self-destruction as early as the year Council of Orleans. "^ civil legislation man who It was determined died at his at that time not to accept own hands. ^"^ Later stance that of Braga in 563,''° and Auxere in 576, '*' synods, for in- renewed the penalties against the offenders.
One specific case in which active euthanasia by patient, agent, or physician may be more justifiable than others, according to the literature, would be that in which the patient is terminally afflicted with a disease such as cancer. Talmudic law distinguishes between and a terefah (literally, "torn"), that is, a. goses, that is, one terminally one terminally ill, ill as the result of irreparable organic damage. Apparently, in the former case recovery least theoretically possible, whereas in the latter case recovery is is at altogether One who kills a^oses is considered a murderer by the Talmud and the codes.
In other always obligatory, optional. may lengthen his agony. '^ In the conclusion of the Talmudic account of the ania b. Teradion, the is means granting him only "mo- permitted by Jewish law. " According required to violate the Sabbath even mentary upon the rescue if artificially One medieval pro- source even prevent the patient's quick '^ enjoined to refrain from actively causing a teris not obliged — at least according to to tend the patient's illness (though he may one Talmu- reduce pain).