By Bosoon Park, Michael Appell
Agricultural items impression so much features of lifestyles, together with nutrients and feed,feedstocks for bio-based items, and daily fabrics, resembling fuels, textiles, and furnishings. Advances in know-how are essential to deal with the longer term worldwide wishes from agriculture. Nanotechnology is a promising box concerned with the original chemical homes of fabrics with a size of 1-100 nm. Nanotechnology has the capability to revolutionize agricultural and nutrients platforms with numerous functions together with foodstuff protection, caliber, product traceability, higher nutrient supply structures, bettering packaging functionality, and enhancing agricultural and meals processing. This quantity of the ACS Symposium sequence makes a speciality of the original demanding situations of utilising nanotechnology to learn the agriculture area and the meals undefined. This e-book relies on a chain of nanotechnology-related symposia backed through the department of Agricultural and meals Chemistry at spring ACS nationwide conferences among 2009 and 2013. in this interval large growth used to be made on sensible purposes of nano-based applied sciences to handle agricultural difficulties, together with these within the parts of foodstuff defense, improvement of latest value-added biomaterials, and nutraceutical/flavor supply. This publication initiated from the curiosity of symposium audio system to proportion their paintings with wider audiences. Fourteen chapters have been chosen and written for this detailed factor. The chapters have been constructed independently and are prepared in accordance with subject. The authors are from quite a lot of disciplines and contain nutrition scientists, chemists, engineers, biologists, clinical researchers, and physicists. The target of this booklet is to supply the views of scientists operating with nanotechnology to deal with agricultural difficulties. The examine provided inside of this ebook was once carried out in right laboratory environments assembly facility, neighborhood, and nationwide safeguard criteria
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Additional info for Advances in Applied Nanotechnology for Agriculture
Usually, more gap bewteen two spectra represents larger variation on the surface uniformity of substrates. The gap obtained from BeSN is minimum that indicates overall surface uniformity of the substrate. In general, surface uniformity generates less noise, resulted in higher SERS signal enhancement with less spot to spot variation. Figure 8 shows mean and standard deviation of SERS signals from Rhodamine 6G sample at 10-6M concentration, for repeatability test of susbtares. In this case, SERS mean intensity was obtained from 10 replicates with two substrates prepared at different time and 5 different spots on each substrate.
Absorption peaks between 400 – 480 nm is the normal characteristics of silver nanoparticle in UV/Vis region. Biopolymer encapsulated silver nanoparticles fabricated in this study also gave strong absorption peak in the visible region, which also confirms that silver nanoparticles were on the outer core of biopolymer particle as a shell to respond to the exposure of UV/Vis light. Figure 3a. TEM image of biopolymer encapsulated with silver nanoparticle (BeSN). ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013.
Inset: Absorbance spectrum of AuNPs showing a peak at 520 nm. (B) TEM image of MNPs showing ~100 nm in diameter, Inset: Magnetic hysteresis of MNPs. Oligonucleotide-functionalized AuNPs were used as signal indicator in this study because of their ease of fabrication, greater oligonucleotide binding capabilities, stability under a variety of conditions, and good electrochemical properties (31, 32). Figure 4. 1 M HCl only. 25 V electrooxidation for 2 min. The cyclic voltammograms of AuNPs and reagents are depicted in Figure 4.