By Ronald Grigor Suny, Terry Martin
This accrued quantity, edited via Ron Suny and Terry Martin, indicates how the Soviet country controlled to create a multiethnic empire in its early years, from the tip of the Russian Revolution to the tip of worldwide battle II. Bringing jointly the most recent examine on a large geographic variety, from Russia to critical Asia, this quantity is vital studying for college kids and students of Soviet historical past and politics.
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Additional info for A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin
239-240, 243; 236, 243. 9. Alec Nove andj. A. Newth, The Soviet Middle East: A Model for Development? 45, 97, 114, 122. , Ethnic Minorities in the Soviet Union [New York: Praeger, 1968], pp. 50-120). However distinctive Soviet imperialism may have been, its emphasis on development would have been familiar to imperialists of other empires, and the form of that development was decided almost exclusively in the metropole, with the needs of the empire paramount and those of the peoples of the periphery secondary.
In Russia, the monarchy became more "national" in its self-image and public representation, drawing it closer to the people it ruled. In Austro-Hungary the central state devolved power to several of the nonruling peoples, moving the empire toward becoming a more egalitarian multinational state. In the Ottoman Empire, modernizing bureaucrats abandoned certain traditional hierarchical practices that privileged Muslims over nonMuslims, and in the reforming era known as Tanzimat they attempted to create a civic nation of all peoples of the empire, an Ottomanist idea of a new imperial community.
Attitudes toward both domestic lower classes and subject peoples in the colonies were bound up in serious questions of the boundaries of the nation—who should be included, and on what basis, and who should be excluded. European notions of egalitarianism clashed with imposed hierarchies; notions of democratic participation with authoritarian exclusion from decision making; ideas of universal reason with "native" understanding. To reinforce European authority, power, and privilege, difference between ruler and ruled had to be maintained, protected, and policed.