By Akira Hirakawa
The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume historical past. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* previous to Nagarjuna*
and comprises the classes on which Hirakawa did so much of his personal prior learn. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important reports on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A examine of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A examine of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These stories, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, established his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional historical past. This examine was once quite very important in his
formulation of a brand new thought of the increase of Mahayana *. by way of targeting the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.
Read or Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna PDF
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Extra info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna
As we have seen, one o f ihe m ost im p o rta n t q u e stio n s discussed hy religious th inkers nr this tim e was w h e th e r o r not m ural actions affected the person who h a d perform ed them (in o th er w ords, the existence a n d fun clio ning o f k arm ic cause a n d effect). Tf m oral actions did have effects, then the religious p ra c titio n e r h a d to investigate how he m ight b reak his karm ic b o n d s a n d free his m ind or sou). T h is q u e stio n w as closely related to teachings co n cern in g re b in h .
On , (hey c o n tin u e d th eir adv an ce e astw ard , g ra d u a lly settling ihe fertile area b e tw e e n the G a n g e s a n d (he J u m n a rivers. Because ihe area w as blessed with n a tu ra l resources a n d free from exter^ nal e n e m ie s h the A ry an s d eveloped a rich cu ltu re from 1000 to 500 h . c . f . , a n d m a n y of the d ev elo p m en ts th at c h aracterize d later In d ia n l iv iJi^ a ib n can be traced back to this period, By f 0 0 0 u . c . f . l. D u rin g this period f the A ry an s were a tribal people p rim arily en g a g e d in farm in g a n d h e rd in g .
S om e m o d e rn scholars argue th at the protytkabuddha (P. p a u c■ kabuddha) o rig in a te d fn im such storlfs. 'Y\iv pratyrkabuddha was a buddha w h o had a tta in e d en lig h ten m en t but died (en tered co m p lete ftirwiflc) w ith o u t ev er d ecid in g to p reach to others. T h e praiyrkahuddha was said by later B uddhists to have a sep arate vehicle (ydna) to en lig h ten m en t. 14 O n c e the B uddha decided to p r e a c h „ he h a d to d e te rm in e w ho his first au d icn ee w ould be.